Happy Spring, Time for music

Music is Easy (4) Rhythm and Feeling

by Robert McNally January 08, 2017

Music is Easy (4) Rhythm and Feeling

Music is Easy (4)...Rhythm and Feeling

Human beings are funny creatures. We crave novelty, but are disturbed by too much change. We are comforted by sameness, yet easily bored when nothing changes. I think of this as the sameness/novelty continuum. I say continuum because we could imagine a line with one end representing complete familiarity (nothing changing) and the other representing complete novelty (nothing staying the same).

     |_____________|________________|_______________|_______________|
familiarity                                                                                        novelty
boredom                                                                                    excitement
stasis (no change)                                                                           chaos
safety                                                                                          adventure

At any point along this line we have some mix of familiarity and novelty. You'll notice I added some other pairs of words; boredom/excitement, stasis/chaos, safety/excitement. The idea is, we want some of both; we are bored when nothing new or interesting is happening, and we are terrified when too much change is happening all at once. in general, we want some mix... enough change to not be bored, enough sameness to not be disturbed.

Different parts of life call for different balances. When it comes to health, we want good health with no change (no matter how novel a stay in a hospital may be!). With our homes, we want them stable, plumbing and heat working without fail, BUT, we want to repaint or redecorate once in a while. Vacation? bring on the novelty, i may even try bungee jumping!

With music it is always an ongoing dance between familiarity and novelty. The background beat gives a safety net of familiarity, of stability. The rises and falls of melody give novelty, when the same note repeats, its a little dose of sameness, and most melodies happen within some kind of scale (a fixed series of notes) so that even as the notes change, they are changing within a familiar context. That is why Free Strumming (see previous post) works so well musically. The grid of the beat that underlies your rhythms provides familiarity. The pattern you choose to play can be the same as, or different from, the last pattern you played, giving either change or sameness. Your call! You can vary the pattern by as little as adding one extra up strum, or by as much as leaving out whole swaths of beats. Creating changing rhythms is an ongoing balance of familiarity and novelty, and is one of the best tools a musician has for creating a living, three dimensional piece of music.

Keep in mind that constant change can start to become a sameness all it's own. Establishing a steady repeated rhythm for a while sets a baseline for change to happen against. adding a bit more upstrums (offbeats) makes the energy increase (increased business, a sense of things happening faster even though the beat remains unchanged). over a short expanse of time, a sense of tension or energy increasing, of something building to a climax can be created simply by gradually adding more and more offbeats to some established rhythm. Similarly, a gradual "letting down: can be accomplished by adding fewer and fewer offbeats over a period of time. Leaving out downstrums (beats) can create drama, and draw attention to what happens right after a beat of silence. Sudden shifts from many upstrums to no upstrums can make a dramatic fall, and the reverse a dramatic rise in emotional intensity.

The ultimate result we are seeking is the emotional state of the listener. Do we want them excited, calmed, inspired, soothed, saddened, made hopeful, frightened, made curious, made fulfilled, made thrilled or relaxed? All of these emotional states, and changes from one to the other, can be accomplished by rhythm changes alone. When we add variations in melody, harmony, words with meaning, and different combinations of instrument tones, it is no wonder that music has an ability to fascinate, charm, excite, and heal. 

As we continue to look at Music and Creativity in subsequent articles, we will look at different aspects of music, and we will often address the balance of familiarity and novelty to create an emotional effect. The video Rhythms Basic 3 is a great way to see the effects of Free Strumming and the balance of familiarity and novelty demonstrated on Strumstick.



Robert McNally
Robert McNally

Author


Leave a comment


Also in Music, Creativity and the Strumstick (Blog)

What About All Those Soundholes??
What About All Those Soundholes??

by Robert McNally January 29, 2017 1 Comment

If you ask people what the soundhole is for on a guitar (or a Strumstick), most people will say, "to let the sound out". A search of the web will yield answers like: "letting the vibrations from the strings fall into the body" to " spreading the soundwaves" and "it acts like a speaker". All those answers, while technically incorrect, do dance around what people's experience suggests to them. You could say they are poetic answers. But what is really going on?

Continue Reading

Making a Valentine Song for your Sweetie!
Making a Valentine Song for your Sweetie!

by Robert McNally January 25, 2017

There are few things more heart-warming and romantic than making a song for someone you love. Music is evocative, intangible, and a little risky, just like love is. In this article, we are going to show you how you can make sweet little melodies, a musical treat for someone you love. 

Continue Reading

8 Ideas that Ensure Succeeding on Guitar
8 Ideas that Ensure Succeeding on Guitar

by Robert McNally January 10, 2017

8 Steps for Learning Guitar that Ensure Success
(even without a Strumstick). 

Here are eight ideas that really help in the early stages of guitar. Our experience shows that using the Strumstick as a pre-Guitar trainer makes a big difference, however these ideas apply whether you use the Strumstick or not. These ideas were developed in 10 years of full-time guitar teaching, and they really help.

Continue Reading